How to define your knowledge of Russian language?

knowledge of Russian language


How to define your knowledge of Russian language? 
I think that the  best way to define your knowledge of Russian language  is to do the Russian language test.  
There are a lot of them, but there is only one certified test (like TOEFL or IELTS)   The results of this test you can use in any purpose- just for you, to apply to a university or in any other organisation.


This test is called TORFL - Test of Russian as a Foreign Language. In Russian we call this test TRKI (ТРКИ - тест русского языка как иностранного)  This test describes different stages of language mastery and creation of tests specifically designed to measure Russian language proficiency. 

The test was designed as part of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages. It began in 1992 and has now become the standard test of Russian as a Foreign Language. Since 1998 it is obligatory to enter Russian universities


  Independent and objective control provided by a unified testing system will allow to measure Russian language proficiency regardless of where, when and for how long the student studied Russian, and will allow for correlation of language proficiency in Russian with other foreign languages as well as promote recognition of international language proficiency certificates. A universal system of testing will also foster unification of Russian language teaching methods in Russia and abroad.

There are 6 levels of your knowledge of Russian, conforming to schema of the Association of Language Testers in Europe, and the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages.



  • ТЭУ/ A1  Test of Russian as a Foreign Language. Elementary level. Read more
  • ТБУ/ A2   Test of Russian as a Foreign Language. Basic level. 
  • TPKИ-1/B1  Test of Russian as a Foreign Language. First level. 
  • TPKИ-2/B2  Test of Russian as a Foreign Language. Second level. 
  • TPKИ-3/C1  Test of Russian as a Foreign Language. Third level. 
  • TPKИ-4/ C2  Test of Russian as a Foreign Language. Fourth level.



Each level is characterized by certain skills and practical communicative objectives in different areas of activity. The standard takes into consideration the communicative situation and factors affecting it, personally oriented communicative objectives and their achievement via different communicative strategies and tactics in major types of communicative events, types of discourse and corresponding grammatical systems and vocabularies.

The test consists of 5 sections. Each section tests a different type of language proficiency: 

  • Section 1. Vocabulary and Grammar. 
  • Section 2. Reading. 
  • Section 3. Writing. 
  • Section 4. Listening Comprehension. 
  • Section 5. Speaking.


I’ll write more about each level and soon you will be able to do free tests.

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